Ragunan Zoo, Combining The Concept Of Zoo And Park

From the charming Orangutan living in the deep tropical rainforests of Kalimantan to the legendary Komodo dragon in Flores, the Indonesian Archipelago – with its uniquely diverse natural characteristics – is home to some of the most fascinating animals of the world. To encounter these amazing creatures, one does not, however, need to make long adventurous journeys into the wild, because the animals and a whole lot of other collections can also be viewed at the Ragunan Zoological Park right in the heart of Jakarta, capital of Indonesia.

Situated in the Pasar Minggu area, in South Jakarta,  the Ragunan Zoo encompasses a total area of 147 hectares. Combining the concept of zoo and park, Ragunan is inhabited by over 2,000 animals and is provided ample shade by more than 50,000 trees. Stepping into this park from the hot and overcrowded streets of Jakarta is like suddenly stepping into a cool mini tropical forest which possesses a rich biodiversity with high conservation value.

Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta
Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta (Source : latinamericanstudies.org)

In 2002, The Schmutzer Primate Centre was opened within the Ragunan Zoological Park but is privately funded and managed separately. As one of the largest of such centers in the world, the 13 hectare special enclosure houses various primates, including gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans. The center was named after the late Pauline Antoinette Schmutzer, who donated her estate to the center. Dr Willie Smits of the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation designed the orangutan enclosure so that the orangutans have as natural an environment as possible.

Home to over 270 species of animals and 171 species of flora, the Ragunan Zoo features many rare and endangered animals from all parts of Indonesia and the world. Laid out in a lush tropical setting, such indigenous animals as the Komodo dragons, orangutans, tapir, anoa, sumatran tiger, Sumatran Elephants, banteng wild oxen and more, that are given ample space here. There are also a number of birds including the Javan Peafowl, Indian Peafowl, Javan Hawk-eagle, brahminy kite, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Crested Serpent-eagle, Bali Starling, Lesser Bird-of-paradise, Palm Cockatoos, Common Hill Myna, cassowary, emus, ostriches, and whole lot more. There is also an aquarium that houses a number of species of fish and other sea creatures.

The elephants, Ragunan zoo
The elephants, Ragunan zoo (Source : ragunanzoo.jakarta.go.id)

Ragunan Zoological Park also features a Children Zoo where children can interact and learn about the animal world. There is also a children playground and a lake with swan boats for visitors’ recreation. Those who wish to learn more about the animals can visit the animal library that provides a number of literature on animal life.

The zoological park was first established in 1864 by a Dutch East Indies flora and fauna organization of enthusiast called the Vereneging  voor Planten en Dierentuin of Batavia in the Cikini area, in Central Jakarta. Indonesia’s prominent  painter in the 19th century, Raden Saleh, donated about 10 hectares (25 acres) of his land for the establishment of Batavia’s first zoo in the Cikini area. In 1966 the Zoo was moved to its present location, officially opened on 22 June 1966. The former location of the Zoo was turned into the Taman Ismail Marzuki performing art center and the Jakarta Art Institute and Jakarta’s Planetarium.


While there are plenty of food vendors available which offer all kinds of snacks and drinks, the best way to enjoy your meal in the Ragunan Park is surely by bringing your own picnic spread. It is best to prepare your own food and other picnic gear prior to your trip, and once you are in the park just enjoy your meal under the sheltering trees in the fresh air.

Ragunan Zoo offers the perfect vacation for families and children, combining recreation with education. There are also a number of animal rides on elephants, camels, and ponies, which will no doubt thrill the children.

The Park also presents animal shows featuring animals performing various highly entertaining feats such as the bike riding bear, and cockatoo colorful rings show. The animal show is presented from 10.00 to 15.00 West Indonesia Time.


The best way to explore the Park is naturally on foot, but if you wish, you can rent a bike which is charged by the hour. You can also take the mini train to help you get around this extensive park.


Located in Pasar Minggu area in South Jakarta, the Ragunan Zoological Park is approximately 20 Km from the center of Jakarta. If you want to take public transport, you can easily reach Ragunan Zoo by taking the Trans jakarta Busway corridor 6.  You can also take a taxi, of course.


If you plan to visit Ragunan Zoo, it is best to avoid weekends and public holidays, since the place will be packed. To see the animals at leisure, it is best to come during the week.

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