Prambanan, The Temple Of Roro Jonggrang

Prambanan Temple, Yogyakarta or by the local community known as the Temple of Roro Jonggrang or Temple of Lara Jonggrang, is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia. The temple of Prambanan, is located in Java Island, 20 km east of Yogyakarta, 40 km west of Surakarta and 120 km south of Semarang. The temple gets its name because it is located in the village of Prambanan.

Prambanan, was built around 850 AD by two kings, namely Rakai Pikatan, second king of Mataram I dynasty and Balitung Maha Sambu from Wangsa Sanjaya. It was rediscovered in 1733 by a Dutchman, CA. Lons. Only in the year 1902-1903, this temple get attention for renovation. Renovations continued until 1993. In 1991, UNESCO declared that the Prambanan Temple as protected sites.

Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple (Source : indonesia.travel)

The Prambanan which has a main building 47 m high, is also the largest Hindu temple in southeast Asia. It has 8 large temples and more than 250 small temples. The three main temples of Prambanan is dedicated to honoring Sanghyang Trimurti: Batara Shiva, the god of destruction, Batara Vishnu, the god of custodians and Batara Brahma, the creator god.

Shiva temple in the middle has 4 rooms in each corner of the compass. The first chamber contains a statue of Batara Shiva as high as 3 meters. Another room contained statue of Batari Durga, the wife of Shiva, Agastya, the teacher of Shiva, and Ganesha, the son of Shiva.

Two other temples, which faced to the south is dedicated Batara to Brahma and the north-facing is dedicated Batara to Vishnu. There are also smaller temples dedicated to Nandini, the ride Shiva, Angsa (Goose), the ride of Brahma, and Garuda, the ride of Vishnu.

Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple (Source : kompas.com)

Local legend tells that temple of Prambanan was Bandung Bandawasa, a Prince of Kingdom of Pengging, as a condition to marry Princess Roro Jonggrang. Since the Princess Roro Jonggrang did not want to marry Bandung Bandawasa, who has killed her father, then Roro Jonggrang cheat Bandung Bandawasa and managed to thwart the development of the temple. Bandung Bandawasa who knows that he was cheated and then cursed Roro Jonggrang into stone statues. Local people said that the statue of Batari Durga is the embodiment of princess who was cursed into stone, Roro Jonggrang.

Currently, in the courtyard of the Prambanan Temple is the stage performances of the Ramayana. This relates to the relief of Prambanan, which tells the story of Ramayana.

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