Nestled within the Ujung Kulon National Park by the Panaitan Strait in the Pandeglang Regency, Peucang Island is truly a secluded paradise located at the most western edge of Java Island. Surrounded by a soft white sandy beach, clear blue waters, and enchanting coral reefs, Peucang promises serenity for whoever steps on its sands.
Located in the province of Banten, the island of Peucang covers a total area of around 450 hectares, and is home to a variety of species of wild animals such as monkeys, hornbills, monitor lizards, wild boars, toucans, sea hawks, and more. The most notable of these is the barking deer that are found abundantly around the island. These indigenous dwellers of the island are also what have given the island its name, since “Peucang” in the local Sunda language stands for barking deer.
The population of wild life in Peucang Island is well preserved due to the lack of predators here. The geographical profile of Peucang Island can be described as lowland with vast primary vegetation consisting of a mix of diverse aged trees and grassland with thick shrubberies. This unique feature is the reason why Peucang Island is considered a haven for its wildlife.
Like most of the Ujung Kulon National Park area, Peucang Island was also severely battered by the historical eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883. Almost no flora and fauna survived the calamity of the eruption and the tsunami that followed. However, one particular tree did survive and still lives to this very day in the forest of Peucang Island. The tree which is classified as a Fig Tree (Ficus sp) is called the “Kiara” Tree and is estimated to be over 1 century old.
This spectacular tree has an amazing diameter equal to a circle made by over 30 adult humans. The Kiara Tree is also commonly known as “Strangling Tree” since it absorbs its resources from a host tree as if slowly “strangling” the host tree until it eventually dies. The fruits from the Kiara tree are consumed and carried by primates and birds who later drop the remnants on the branches of the host tree. Over time the seeds of the Kiara tree would grow on these branches as well as its roots which would continue to grow downwards until they reach the soil. The roots will continue to grow until the host tree dies and is replaced completely by the Kiara Tree.
Below the surface of its clear waters, the enchanting coral gardens with their diverse sea creatures are a perfect venue for snorkeling by the beach or diving at the various dive spots. Among some of the dwellers of Peucang Island underwater realm are butterfly fish, angel fish, clown fish, cockatoo fish, and a whole lot more. The most favorite spot for diving is at Karang copong at the western end of the island. However, diving here can only be undertaken by experienced professional divers since it has strong currents due to its location near the Indian Ocean.
The island also features a tropical forest which is great for trekking and observing wildlife. When evening nears, the beach presents spellbinding scenery and mesmerizing colorful ambience of the sun setting on the horizon.
Peucang Island serves as base camp and staging point for those who wish to explore deeper into the Ujung Kulon National Park. It is for this reason, that on this small island you will find accommodation and supporting facilities.
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