Sultan Palace Yogyakarta or better known as Kraton Yogyakarta, is the palace of the Sultan of Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X. Sultanate Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, formerly a royal sovereign, and since 1945, by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, otherwise joined the Republic of Indonesia. Currently Sultanate of Yogyakarta is the center of the preservation of Javanese culture in Yogyakarta style.
In 1747, Prince Mangkubumi, a prince of Mataram Java, was fighting against his brother, Sunan Pakubuwana II, king of Mataram at the time because he did not agree with the wisdom of the king in favor of the VOC. This war ended with the Treaty Gianti in 1757, that divided Mataram into 2 kingdom, Surakarta and Yogyakarta. Furthermore Prince Mangkubumi built the Sultan Palace Yogyakarta and became the first sultan, Sultan Hamengkubuwono I.
Kraton is a palace complex covering an area of 14.000 m2 and have parts from north to south as follows: Gapura (The gate), Gladag-Pangurakan, Alun-alun Lor (North Field), Mesjid Gedhe (Great Mosque), Pagelaran Complex, Siti Hinggil Lor, Kamandhungan Lor, Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kamagangan, Kamandhungan Kidul, Siti Hinggil Kidul, Alun-alun Kidul (South Square) and Plengkung (Gate) Nirbaya / Plengkung Gadhing. Northern and Southern part of the Palace complex can be said to be symmetric with Kedhaton as its center.
In addition, the Palace also have other parts like Pracimosono Complex, Complex of Roto Wijayan, Kraton Kilen Complex, Complex of Taman Sari (the Water Palace), and Crown Prince Palace Complex.
Kraton is also surrounded by a thick wall that formerly was the defense system of the Palace. Outside the walls, there are some complex associated with the Kraton such as, Tugu White Paal, Gedhong Krapyak, Palace of Patih / Prime Minister, and Market Beringhardjo.
Currently, Kraton Yogyakarta is open to the public as a tourist destination. However, not all places in Sultan palace Yogyakarta can be visited. And for tourism purposes as well, the Palace open a few museums, namely: Royal Carriage Museum, Museum of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Museum of Batik of Kraton Yogyakarta.
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