Borobudur : The World’s Largest Buddhist Temple

Borobudur temple (id: Candi Borobudur) is a 8th-century Buddhist Temple located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each seated inside a perforated stupa. It is the world’s largest Buddhist temple, as well as one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world. Borobudur temple is one of Seven Wonders and was marked as World’s Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Actually, there is no record on when or how this temple was built. It was likely founded at 8th century by Syailendra Dynasty, by a mysterious architect named Gunadharma. This temple was built at approx. period of 75 years, and completed at 825 CE. This monument was lost and rediscovered by British governor Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles at 1814. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was taken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a World Heritage Site.

Candi Borobudur, The Borobudur temple
Candi Borobudur, The Borobudur temple (Source : mffcoexist.wordpress.com)

There are several Buddhist site around this monument, most notable is Candi Mendut and Candi Pawon. This three temples are positioned in one straight line, although the ritual connection between them is unknown / lost.

Borobudur temple draws Buddhist pilgrims from around Asia, included Nepal. Once a year, they are gathered on monument during Vesak Day celebration. Borobudur is one of the most visited places and the top most tourist attraction in Indonesia. The best time to visit Borobudur is during sunrise and sunset.

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